- Broilers i.e the Kenchic brand ( – raised for purpose of getting meat
- Layers – raised for purpose of getting eggs
- Dual purpose birds – meat and eggs (sossi and Kenbro)
- How much money will i make if i get into the poultry business?
- What is my capital investment?
- How much will my costs of rearing the chicken to be to the point of selling?
- What is the price of broiler meat in Nairobi?
- Calculations for keeping 1000 chicken?
- Capital investment for chicken farming?
- Poultry house
- Chicken feed
- Feeding equipment
- Brooding structure
Poultry Management tips
- The greatest risk to poultry management and the biggest loss to farmers is due to infectious diseases.
- It is also raises the cost for the farmers due to the costs associated to treating clinical outbreaks of diseases.
- Diseases cause loss of production, poor yields due to poor performance of the affected flocks
- In poultry keeping your best friend should be the veterinarian who can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment. Most poultry diseases have similar symptoms. Diagnosis of poultry diseases by the farmer is highly discouraged. A farmer can make huge loses while. Don’t gamble with your money get a veterinarian to give the right diagnosis, recommend the right dosage administer the medicine properly.
- Poultry diseases can wipe out your entire flock, your entire investment. Don’t take any chances.
If you choose to administer the vaccines yourself (farmer) please adhere to the tips below:
- Water used for preparing vaccinations (the ones given via drinking water) should be free of chlorine.
- Whether you are using tap water, bore hole water, river water or any other source make sure you boil the water to kill germs and other chemical agents that may affect the vaccine.
- The drinking water given to the birds 48hours before and 24 hours after should be treated the same way.
- Follow manufacturer instructions to the letter
- Vaccines must be stored between 2 degrees Celsius and 8 degrees Celsius.
- Vaccines should not be exposed to sunlight
- Vaccine should be mixed with water which birds must consume within 2 hours of being mixed
- Ensure that the birds are thirsty for an hour before giving them the vaccination water, this will guarantee that they drink the water.
- Conduct all vaccinations during cooler parts of the day – early morning or late evening
- Hey first check to confirm that the vaccine is not expired.
- After every vaccination administer vitamins for a day or two to reduce stress
- Please buy vaccines from appointed outlets, reputable pharmacies and agrovet shops. – At this place you can get professional advise, vaccines stored at recommended temperatures and they can refer you to the local agrovet expert.
vaccination program according to Kenchic experts for broilers purchased from Kenchic i.e Kenchic have been the poultry business for over 100 years;
|Day 9-12||IB + NCD||Eye drop/ Drinking water|
|Day 14-16||GUMBORO||Drinking water|
|Day 18 – 20||IB + NCD||Eye drop / Drinking water|
|Day 21 – 24||GUMBORO||Drinking water|
Suggested vaccination program for layers purchased from Kenchic
|Day 1 (At the Hatchery)||MAREKS
IB + NCD
|Intra muscular spray|
|Day 10 – 12||IB + NCD||Drinking water|
|Day 14 – 16||GUMBORO||Eye drop/ Drinking water|
|Day 24 26||GUMBORO||Drinking water|
|Day 28 – 30||IB + NCD||Eye drop/ Drinking water|
|Week 6||IB + NCD (Killed comb)||Intra muscular|
|Week 8||FOWL TYPHOID||Intra muscular|
|Week 10||FOWL POX/ FOWL CHOLERA||Wing stab/Sub-cutaneous|
|Week 14||FOWL TYPHOID||Intra muscular|
|Week 16-18||NCD + IB + (KIL)/ FOWL CHOLERA||Intra muscular/sub-cutaneous|
- IB – Infectious Bronchitis
- NCD – Newcastle Disease
- IBD / GUMBORO – Infectious Bursal Disease
Measure that can be taken to prevent diseases in poultry by practicing high standards of hygiene and sanitation
- keep each flock of a different age separately (own housing)
- Do not allow visitors into the poultry house
- The poultry farmer of worker should always wear clean and disinfected clothing and shoes (keep a disinfectant in water at the entrance of the house.
- Start all visits to the poultry house starting from the youngest to the oldest
- Sick birds should be separated and should always be visited last irrespective of their age.
- Rodents, wild birds and insects are disease carriers and very dangerous to poultry. Keep this away by fencing off the poultry house and clearing the bushes around the house.
Starting a poultry business
Requirement for Kienyeji chicken farming
- A well ventilated poultry house.
- Chicken feed
- Availability of space for free range mode of feeding
- Labor – available to offer water and food to the chicken
- Medication – Get in touch with a local Vet and ensure they visit the farm more than twice a month to just check how the chicken are doing
- A weighing scale – You need this to be able to periodically check the weight performance of the chicken. To plan for layers and to plan for market for the broilers.
- You can start by buying fertilized eggs, or day old chicks.
- Ensure that you have a full program on how to vaccinate and treat the chicken at all stages.
Note: The rate of success for purchasing fully grown chicken from the market or neighbors is very low. You could lose 100% of the chicken including your existing chicken even if you are giving them medication.
For dimensions of how to get construct the poultry house;
- Should be comfortable and protect chicken from all adverse whether conditions (cold or hot)
- Adequate spacing – 2 square foot per bird (2feet 2birds) for laying birds and 1foot 2 birds for chicken being reared for meat.
- Cement floor is the best to allow you to use a Jiko when its too cold. Not smooth but concrete
- Provide a foot path at the entrance with disinfectant
- Keep partitions to separate flocks of different ages
- Build the house with an East –west orientation to reduce the heat level in the house
- Use a high roof to provide for natual air movement
- Never keep chicken in the same house with people. Some poutry diseases are transmittable to humans.
Even free range chickens require vitamins, medication, vaccination and the right feeds. Don’t give layers growers’ food. Use the right type of feed and the right quantity.
Water should be available at all times.
Cost of rearing 1000 hybrid chicken from the time they are one day old
|Item||Cost in Ksh|
|Day old chicks||75,000|
|Cost of feeding 1000 chicken for the full cycle||180,000|
|Cost of labor, medicines and potential loss due to mortality.||15,000|
|Add cost of constructing the house (one off cost)||45000|
Note: All costs above are estimated not accurate.